While these terms sound similar, electric energy and electricity are not the same thing. While all electricity is the result of electric energy, not all electric energy is electricity.
According to Khan Academy, energy is defined as the measurement of an object’s ability to do work. In physics, “work” is the energy to an object in order to move an object As we talked about in the last section, electric energy comes from the movement of electrons between atoms, which creates a transfer of energy…also known as work. This work generates electric energy, which is measured in Joules.
Keep in mind that electric energy can be converted to all sorts of other kinds of energy, like the thermal energy from a toaster that’s plugged into a wall. That thermal energy creates heat which is what turns your bread into toast! So while electrical energy can become electricity, it doesn’t have to!
When the electron flow of electrical energy is channeled through a conductor, like a wire, it becomes electricity. This movement of an electric charge is called an electric current (and is measured in Watts). These currents, completed through electrical circuits, can power our TVs, stovetops, and much more, all because the electrical energy was directed towards producing a particular desired action, like lighting up the screen or boiling your water.