Basic Electricity

electricity

What is electricity?

Electricity is a form of energy that produces heat and light. Electricity is also referred to as “electrical energy.”

Where does electricity start?

Electricity starts with atoms. Atoms are made up of protons, neutrons and electrons. Electricity is produced when electrons move from atom to atom due to an external force. The flow of electrons is called “current”.

What makes electrons move?

Voltage is the “external force” that causes electrons to move. Voltage is potential energy. Potential energy can do work. An example of potential energy is an axe on a tree. If the axe falls on a piece of wood, it breaks. Pay attention to the word “if”. Potential energy works only when allowed.

What is voltage?

Voltage is the “external force” that causes electrons to move. Voltage is potential energy. Some voltage characteristics:

  • Voltage cannot be seen or heard.
  • Voltage is a push or force.
  • Voltage does nothing by itself.
  • Voltage has the potential to do work.
  • Voltage appears between two points.
  • Voltage is always there.

What are the two types of electricity?

Static electricity occurs when an imbalance of positive and negatively charged atoms occurs. The electrons then jump from atom to atom, releasing energy. Two examples of static electricity are lightning and rubbing your feet on a carpet and then touching a doorknob.

Flowing electricity is a constant flow of electrons. Electric current There are two types of electricity: direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC). With a constant current, electrons move in one direction. The battery provides a constant current. In alternating current, electrons flow in both directions. Power plants generate alternating currents. Alternating current (AC) is the type of electricity that BrightRidge transmits to you for use.

Flowing electricity is a constant flow of electrons. Electric current There are two types of electricity: direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC). With a constant current, electrons move in one direction. The battery provides a constant current. In alternating current, electrons flow in both directions. Power plants generate alternating currents. Alternating current (AC) is the type of electricity that BrightRidge transmits to you for use.

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