There are 5 Main Types of Electric circuits – Closed Circuit, Open Circuit, Short Circuit, Series Circuit and Parallel Circuit.
What is an Electric Circuit?
An electric circuit is a conducting path for the flow of electric current or is called an electric circuit. A conductive wire is used to establish a connection between the voltage source and the load. ON/OFF switches and fuses are also used between source and load.
Types of Electric Circuit
1. Close Circuit
When load works on its own in a circuit then it is called a Close Circuit or Closed Circuit. Under this situation, the value of the current flow depends on the load.
2. Open Circuit
When there is a faulty electrical wire or electronic component in a circuit or the switch is off, then it is called an open circuit. In the diagram below you can see that the bulb does not light up because the switch is off or there is a fault in the power cord.
3. Short Circuit
When the two points (+ and -) of a voltage source in a circuit are joined together for some reason, it is called a short circuit. Maximum current begins to flow in this situation. A short circuit generally occurs when the electrically conducting wires gather or even due to a short circuit in the load.
4. Series Circuit
When 2 or more loads (bulbs, CFLs, LEDs, fans, etc.) are connected in series, it is called a series circuit. In a series circuit, if one of the loads or light bulbs receives a fuse, the rest of the bulbs will receive no power and will not light up. See the example below.
5. Parallel Circuit
When 2 or more loads (Bulb, CFL, LED, Fan, etc.) are connected in parallel, then we are talking about Parallel circuits. In this type of circuit, the voltage capacitance of all loads must be equal to the input power. The strength of the “load” can be different. In a parallel circuit, if one load or light bulb receives a fuse, the rest of the bulbs will still receive power and glow. See the example below.
Different Types of Electric Circuit
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